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41 Gün Speaking – Ders Notları

41 Gün Speaking serisini TOEFL, IELTS ve Proficiency sınavlarına hazırlanan öğrencilerin speaking becerilerini geliştirmelerine yardımcı olmak için hazırlamıştım. Bu seride bu tarz sınavlarda karşınıza çıkabilecek pek çok speaking konusunu ele alıp her bir soruya biri daha basit biri daha zor olacak şekilde iki cevap vererek şekilde ilerledik.

Daha sonraki dönemde tüm bu sorulara spontane olarak verdiğim cevapları tek tek yazıya döküp Speaking Rehberi kitabımızın okurlarına özel 12.000+ kelimelik bir kaynak oluşturduk. Son dönemde özellikle pandemi süresince pek çok öğrenci bu seriden yararlanıp transkriptleri sorduğu için sınavları ya da hedefleri için çalışan tüm öğrencilere bir hediye olarak tüm transkriptleri paylaşmaya karar verdim. Bu kapsamlı kaynağın sınavlarınızda başarılar getirmesini diliyorum.

41 Gün Speaking serisindeki tüm dersleri bitirip transkriptleri inceledikten sonra sık sorulan sorularla alakalı farklı seviyelerde örnek cevapları ve bunların çevirilerini içeren pratik bir kaynağa ihtiyacınız olursa Speaking Rehberi kitabını bitirmenizi öneririm.

41 Gün Speaking – Ders Listesi

 

1. Gün — Cevaplar

Cevap 1

This year my goal is to help more people learn English better because I think most people have trouble learning English and they need guidance and they need better resources to help them improve their English. And my goal is to help those people.

Cevap 2

Well my goal or my primary goal for this year is to make sure that the English education in this country is improved because right now I observe a lot of problems in the way English is being taught so most students have no idea how they should study and they utilize the wrong methods, ideas and materials and as a result they lose their motivation, they lose their time and they lose their money. And in return, they get no return. They get no progress, they get no improvement. Therefore the English language instruction in this country has turned into sort of a disaster and many people have suffered from it and I think it is my duty to help people find better ways, better methods and better alternatives to guide them and to help them learn better. So towards that goal I am spending more time on my YouTube channel, and I am spending more time on writing and preparing new books for students and I am spending more time to produce podcasts and listening materials for students who would like to take their English a step further. So my goal for this year is to contribute as much as possible to the English education in this country.

2. Gün — Cevaplar

Cevap 1

I would like to talk about my primary school teacher. There are of course many people who have inspired me but today I would like to talk about my primary school teacher. She was a very dedicated person and she worked at a school, at a primary school which was located in a village and there were a lot of problems and students had many issues with their education because they generally came from sort of poor families and there were not a lot of opportunities and there were not a lot of good examples around them. And my teacher was a very dedicated women and she tried to help as many students as possible and she tried to talk to as many families as possible and she really made a difference. I mean I can personally say that she made a difference in my life.

Cevap 2

There are many role models and inspiring stories in my life and I can say that I have taken inspiration from various people throughout my life but in today’s lecture and I would like to talk about my primary school teacher who taught from the 3rd to the 5th grade. She was originally from Istanbul but she worked in Trabzon, far away from her family and relatives. She was alone in a very far away city and she was she was a very dedicated to her students because as I said our school was located in a village. And many students from many villages were gathered in one school and there were not a lot of opportunities there were a lot of issues with the infrastructure with the tools or resources and everything else but she tried to do her best against all odds and she made a difference in the lives of her students and for that I really respect her and I’m really grateful for her efforts and she is someone I find very inspirational.

3. Gün – Cevaplar

Cevap 1

There’s one thing that I think people might find interesting about myself or about me. Although I’m a linguist or  I’m an English teacher I am really into computer programming. That might seem a very different field but since high school I have been heavily involved in computer programming and the technological developments and trends. That is something I’m really like curious about and passionate about at the same time so I think most people would be surprised to know that I can program both desktop and web applications. I don’t do that professionally I think that is a more like a hobby for me.

Cevap 2

There’s one thing that I that I think most people will find interesting that is I am an avid computer user and I’m very much into computer programming. In fact I’ve been programming for maybe the past 10 years. When I was in high school I was very much interested in computer programming and I started working with languages such as C+ and Visual Basic.

These are some of the desktop programming languages and then over the years I started learning about web technologies and web development and I even interned in the USA as a front end designer, engineer or programmer you might call it that way. And when I was working at Boğaziçi I also developed the website for my department when I worked as a research assistant so I’ve been heavily involved in computer programming, design and technological trends and to most people that looks very different from what I do because I work as a teacher as an English teacher or as a linguist to some degree and most people think that they are totally different or separate fields or endeavors but to me computer programming and studying language and Linguistics are very related because at their core there are very related they’ve got a similar rules and patterns. If you know how to look at computer languages I think you can find many similarities between computer languages and human languages and in fact computer languages are based on human languages, they are modeled on human languages so there a lot of similarities and that’s how I approach this issue. So I am also a computer programmer. Well you can say that to a certain degree but I do that as a hobby not a professionally.

 

4. Gün — Cevaplar

Cevap 1

Personally I think travel will change a lot in the future because there are developments in technology and everyday scientists find new ways and new methods to transfer goods and products from one country to another and recently there has been a lot of work in space travel many companies such as SpaceX have launched satellites or intergalactic or interplanetary tools or you can call them rockets or maybe spaceships and they’re trying to make sure that humans can travel in space and there are a lot of developments in high speed trains and trains can go at extreme speeds and I think there will be new plane types that can go a lot faster than the current planes and as a result I think the time that people spend on the road will decrease and travel will be much faster and a lot more convenient in the future.

Cevap 2

First of all I think that there will be a lot of advances in space travel. Many governments and private companies have been investing in space travel and their results started to pay off. We’ve seen that in the launch of SpaceX satellites and SpaceX rockets. They have done unprecedented work. What is more I think there has been a huge advance in train technology and right now trains can go at extreme speeds and they can take you from one city to another in a few hours or they can take you from one part of your country to the other part in a couple of hours and many plane companies or aircraft companies have been trying to develop a new plane prototypes new planes and these planes will be a lot more comfortable and they will a lot more faster than the regular planes and as a result I think people will be able to fly much more comfortably and much more conveniently. And finally I think there is going to be huge difference when it comes to driving habits. Right now people drive their cars to work, to school, or for pleasure but recently especially in the last 10 years there has been a lot of progress with autonomous vehicles. There are cars that can drive themselves and Tesla Model X is one of those cars and there are many car manufacturers which are trying to come up with smart, intelligent and autonomous cars and I think in the future cars will drive themselves and people will simply sit in the car and relax. So for example if you have a long commute, you will not have to a drive for a long time and feel stressed. Your car will drive itself and you can simply sit in the back seat and drink your coffee, read your newspaper or even sleep, do whatever you want. And your car will take you to your destination and I think due to these reasons, travel in the future will be much more convenient, safer and faster.

Speaking Rehberi ile İngilizce konuşma becerinizi geliştirin
speaking rehberiİngilizce konuşma en çok ihtiyaç duyulan ama en çok ihmal edilen ve en çok yanlış yapılan alan.

Speaking Rehberi size ilk önce İngilizce konuşma becerinizi geliştirmeniz için bilmeniz gereken teorik ve pratik altyapıyı sunuyor.

Daha sonra ise her bir ünitede onlarda soru, örnek cevaplar ve bu cevapların Türkçe çevirileri ile İngilizce konuşma dağarcığınıza çok sayıda yeni kelime ve ifade eklemenize yardım ediyor.

Speaking Rehberi, hem pratik kullanım için hem de TOEFL, IELTS ve Proficiency İngilizce konuşmaları sınavları için temel bir kaynak.

5. Gün — Cevaplar

Cevap 1

First of all, in most cases I prefer working on my own because when I work on my own I think I can concentrate more and when I can concentrate more I can get better results. I can achieve better results and I can get things done in a shorter period of time so that’s the main benefit of working on my own. And sometimes I think when I work in a team I get a lot of distraction because whether you like it or not when you work in a team there will be a lot of disruption and distraction and some team members might not do their work and it might create some sort of chaos or disorder and it might become counterproductive so in most cases I prefer working on my own but sometimes there are cases in which group work is much more valuable and in those cases I of course prefer working in a team.

Cevap 2

Honestly I think I can get more work done on my own because when I work on my own I have better concentration and I can work more intensely and I can get more things done in a shorter period of time and I have in those cases I have better concentration and that leads to better results. So in most cases I prefer working on my own but there are times when I prefer working in a team because you know some projects are huge and you cannot do everything on your own and you need help and in those cases if I can find great people who have a similar skill sets or who have complementary skill sets to mine then I can work with them really well and we can get things done much more faster and we can work much more efficiently but if the team is not good then of course there are problems because in some teams, some team members do not take responsibility, they don’t do their part and they cause problems in those teams there are a lot of issues. I tend to or I prefer to avoid those teams and I personally as I said prefer to work with efficient teams but if I can’t find an efficient team, I prefer working on my own.

6. Gün — Cevaplar

Cevap 1

I think people simply change their names because they don’t like their names because when they’re babies their parents give them a name. But when they grow up they might not like that name. For example a friend of mine changed her name because she did not like her original name or she did not like the name that her parents gave her. Sometimes you know times pass and people think that their names are not suitable for them and as a result they want to change their names.

Cevap 2

There are a number of reasons why people might change their names. First of all, some people change their names when they move to a foreign country. For example people who move to the United States or people who move to some European countries change their native or original names because they want to blend into the society because if they have a foreign name then they think they will not integrate with the society in the foreign country. So they want to change their names. However sometimes the second reason why people change their names is simply because they don’t like their given name because when people are born, they are babies. They cannot choose a name for themselves and as a result their parents or their relatives give them a name but when these people grow up, some of them might not like their given names and they might want to change those names and as a result they change their names. This might be difficult process but as I said if you don’t like your name and if you have the ability to change it you can change it but I think most people get used to their names. Their names become a part of their identity and therefore most people do not change their names.

7. Gün – Cevaplar

Cevap 1

Well, I personally like to spend time at home because I have a very busy life and I work intensely and as a result I want some rest, I want some peace and I feel comfortable at home and I feel relaxed at home relaxing, maybe drinking some tea, reading some books, watching some interesting lectures and so on. So that’s my personal preference but just like everyone else I get bored and I spend so much time at home so in those cases I feel like going out and I generally go by the seaside, I meet my friends generally for coffee or tea and I try to relax and enjoy the beautiful view of the Bosphorus.

Cevap 2

Well, I honestly like to spend time at home because I think home is a place where I can really relax and get some rest get some peace because these days we all have busy schedules. We have a lot of plans, we have a lot of projects that we need to complete and that puts a lot of burden and in some cases pressure on our shoulders and we all need to relax and I think home is a good place or a great place to relax and  therefore I really like spending time at home especially when it’s quiet. Well I’ve got a baby girl so I hear a lot of cries so my home is not as quiet as it used to be but it’s always good to hear that baby sound in the background so but sometimes just like everyone else when I spend a lot of time indoors, I feel bored I need to get some fresh air and in those cases I simply go to the coastline, I go to a cafe by the seaside or meet friends and spend some enjoyable time. So there is not a definitive answer because you cannot say you should spend all of your time indoors or you cannot say that you should spend all of your time outdoors hanging out with friends. You have to strike a balance and as in everything else balance matters in this case too

 

8. Gün – Cevaplar

Cevap 1

Well, there are many disadvantages of social media. I think the first disadvantage of social media is that the relationships on social media are superficial, they are not real. People take pictures of themselves and their friends. They try to show things off; but I think most of those photos or events are superficial. People do not have deep connections. And secondly I think social media causes a lot of distractions, because when you work or when you’re trying to concentrate on something, you get a lot of notifications from social networking sites and it can be really distracting.

Cevap 2

Personally, I think there are numerous disadvantages of social media. The first one that comes to mind is that it causes people to have superficial relationships. When people start a relationship on social media, when people meet on social media they think they get to know each other a lot; but in fact that relationship is generally very very weak. It’s not strong. It’s generally superficial. There are of course exceptions to this; but this is what I generally observe.  And secondly, I think social media is a great source of distraction, because social networking sites send a lot of push notifications. They send a lot of e-mails. They send a lot of messages. They want your attention. They want you to go to their app or website and when you’re trying to get work done, it can be very distracting and I think that’s one of the primary disadvantages of social media.

 

9. Gün – Cevaplar

Cevap 1

Okay let’s get started. Well, personally when I need to deal with stress, I look at the causes of stress. So, if I’m feeling stressed about something, I try to find what makes me stressed and what I can do to deal with that stress. If I can find the cause of stress, then I can either change it or I can find a way to deal with it or when I am feeling stressed, maybe I can go for a walk and it can help me relax or if I’m stressed about something, I can talk to my wife, or I can talk to my friends and get their opinion on that issue or matter. So, I will have different perspectives and it helps me deal with that stress.

Cevap 2

Of course, everyone feels stress in some part of their lives and I’m just like everyone else. There are times when I feel stressed. It might be either because of work, because of personal reasons or it might arise for no particular reason. You know, sometimes you feel stressed for no particular reason. So, when I feel stressed, I really like to think about the root causes of that stress. I think about what is causing that feeling of stress. If I can find the root cause of that stress, then I can tackle with that problem. I can work on the root cause and I can make things better. Sometimes, I might not be able to deal with the root causes of stress and in those cases, I find it useful to talk to my wife to get her opinion or to talk to my friends and family, because when I talk to other people, then I can get different perspectives, different opinions and ideas and those things really help me deal with that problem. Sometimes, they can offer really practical and useful advice and that advice helps me really tackle with that problem.  Or to feel better, I can go by the seaside and get some exercise. I can walk for a while. I can get some tea or coffee to think about what is going on. And these are the things that I do to deal with stress and of course, I think just like everyone else when I feel stressed, I feel an urge to eat more, because I mean personally I am someone who likes eating.  And when I’m stressed, I think I am more incline to eat. So, that’s it.

 

10. Gün – Cevaplar

Cevap 1

Well, I prefer writing a paper to taking a test, because when I write a paper, I have more time. I can do research on my own and I can work the way I want. I’m not limited to the test. I have more time. I have more resources and I can generally choose my own topic. So, I can work on something that I’m interested in and that makes the whole process much easier. And I personally think that when I write a paper, I learn more, because I do research. I do a lot of reading. I take notes and all of these pieces help me learn much more easily and much more productively. That’s how I see it.

Cevap 2

When I consider the advantages and disadvantages of writing a paper and taking a test, I can definitely say that, for me personally, writing a paper is a lot more attractive, because when I write a paper I have full control over the process whereas when I take a test I, don’t know which questions will come up on the test. I don’t know if I will have trouble with the questions. I don’t know if I’ll have maybe health problems or lack of concentration during the exam. So, I think an exam is risky; but when I’m writing a paper for a class, then that means I can plan my time. I can work on a topic that I choose and I can do as much reading and research as I want. So, these are the pros of writing a paper. And additionally, I believe that when I write a paper, I learn much more, because during the writing process, I have to compile a list of resources and I have to go through all of those resources, take notes meticulously. And all of these steps really help me remember what I learn and it makes learning much more effective. Therefore, I prefer writing a paper to taking a test.

 

11. Gün – Cevaplar

Cevap 1

So, I think people should have three qualities to be successful in life. The first one is being hard-working. If you are hardworking, then you can achieve success, because generally success requires hard work. Secondly, I think you should be very determined, because achieving success is not always easy becausethere will be problems and you should be determined in order to continue working towards your goal.  And, finally, I think you should be patient, because as I said before success is not always easy. There are problems and challenges. And therefore, you should be patient, because success might take a lot of time. So, these are the qualities that I think people should have in order to achieve success in life.

Cevap 2

So, personally I think people should have three qualities in order to achieve success in their personal and professional lives. So, I think the first quality that people should have in order to achieve success is being hard-working, because success requires a great deal of work and in order to achieve success, you need to be really hardworking. You need to be willing to work hard. And secondly, you should be very determined and passionate, because when you work towards a goal, when you want to achieve success in life, there will be a lot of hurdles, obstacles, problems; because success isn’t always easy. And in order to overcome those problems, in order to achieve your goals, you need to be determined and passionate. And finally, in order to achieve success and become a successful individual in both personal and private or professional life, I think you should be patient; because when challenges emerge in your life, you have to be patient. And sometimes you might work hard but you might not get any good results. And in those cases, you have to be patient. You should wait and you should continue working, because sometimes success can take months and sometimes it can take years. And as a result, you should be patient, determined and hardworking at the same time to achieve success; but sometimes you might need a little luck or some support from your friends or family to achieve greater success. I think these are the qualities that are needed to be a successful person.

 

12. Gün – Cevaplar

Cevap 1

I think there are many causes or disadvantages, well not really causes but disadvantages of migration to urban cities. First of all, when a lot of people migrate to cities, cities become overcrowded and it causes traffic problems, traffic jams. It causes problems in social services, because when there are a lot of people in a city, there are not enough classrooms, enough doctors, hospitals or enough facilities for all the people. So, that’s one of the problems. Secondly, when a lot of people move to urban areas from rural areas that means the agricultural production will decrease. So, there are not a lot of people now living in rural areas that means they are not very interested in agriculture and as a result, I think the production of vegetables, fruits and other agricultural items will decrease and it might eventually increase prices. So, these are some of the problems that might arise as a result of urban migration.

Cevap 2

Urban migration is a recent phenomenon; especially in the last hundred years I think there has been a considerable migration from rural areas to urban areas. Millions of people left their homes in rural areas and moved to cities to find better jobs and better opportunities; however this did not always lead to better outcomes, because when a lot of people move to cities that means there will be fewer jobs and there will be a lot of overcrowding. There will be a lot of traffic problems. There will be housing and infrastructure problems and most of these are not planned well. So, as you might see, there’s a lot of unplanned construction and that really affects cities negatively. Another problem that I think will cause problems in the future is lack of agricultural production, because when a lot of people, well, millions or thousands of people move to cities and leave the urban areas that means there aren’t many people left who will participate in agricultural production. And as a result, the agricultural sector will diminish over time and we might have to buy agricultural products from other countries. We might have to import them and it is not good for the future of a country. So, basically these are the two problems that I can think of right now. I’m sure, there are other issues or problems that will emerge; but these are the main ones that I can think of right now.

 

13. Gün – Cevaplar

Cevap 1

I think there are many benefits of regular exercise. First of all, when people exercise regularly, they will be fit and I think they will be healthy. Secondly, when people do regular exercise I think they will relax, because people are generally stressed in daily life, because there are traffic jams. There are major problems at work. So, they might feel stressed and as a result when they do regular exercise, the exercise helps them relax. So, these are the main benefits of regular exercise.

Cevap 2

Personally, I think there are numerous benefits of regular exercise. First of all, regular exercise helps you keep and stay fit. When you exercise regularly, you will have a better body. You will build muscle and you will stay young and healthy. Secondly, when you exercise regularly, you can relieve your stress and you can feel much more relaxed, because everyone, almost everyone, suffers from stress to a certain degree; either because of work or because of personal reasons. And therefore, when you exercise regularly, the exercise helps you relax and it helps you keep your mind refreshed. And as a result, you will feel better due to exercise. So, these are the main benefits of doing exercise regularly.

 

14. Gün – Cevaplar

Cevap 1

So, well, my favorite movie is “Three Idiots.” It’s an Indian film. It’s an Indian movie and I really like it, because I think it teaches the value of friendship and it teaches about the real things that matter in life. And it shows students that there is more to life than simply competition. And as I said, it’s overall a great of film and it’s got a beautiful dances, music, scenery and it’s got a captivating, it’s got a very attractive storyline. I think it’s something that… it’s a film that most students should watch to get a new perspective.

Cevap 2

One of my favorite movies is “Three Idiots.” And in fact, I think I have watched it three or four times. It’s a very long movie by many standards. I think it’s more than 2 hours long and it’s an Indian movie. Normally, generally, people watch American movies; but this is an Indian movie. It’s from Bollywood and it’s by a famous actor. I think it’s Amir Khan. And the movie, “The Three Idiots” is about real friendship. It’s about the real values in life that matter and it’s about really following your passion, because the movie shows you that if you are really passionate about something and if you follow your passion and do it the right way, you will definitely be rewarded. And the movie also shows us that there is more to life than studying. Maybe there are things that matter much more than simply school classes. And learning can take place outside of the school. And if you are passionate about learning, you can enhance or improve your learning in every place. And I think it’s got a great storyline and it has beautiful scenes. And it has overall good characters in it. So, it’s a movie that I really like and I suggest that students watch it.

15. Gün – Cevaplar

Cevap 1

I think my favorite class at school was English, because since my childhood, I’ve had an interest in languages. I’ve had a passion, a love for languages. I did not have an English teacher at primary school; but still I liked English classes very much and when I had time, I would study English books on my own. So, I can say that I had a lot of interest in English. And when I started high school, I had good English teachers and they really helped me a lot. They provided me with the right tools and resources.  And when I was a high school student, I could both learn English and learn about life at the same time; because when I was learning English, I was reading books and articles on topics that were interesting to me. So, as a result, I both learned English and enjoyed myself. And I can say that English was my favorite class.

Cevap 2

Well, I think my favorite class has always been English, because when I was a little kid, we did not have an English teacher in my village. I studied in a little village in Trabzon. So, we did not have an English teacher. And honestly, we did not have many teachers because it was a little village in a district. So, we had problems with our education; but I was very interested in English. I don’t know why, I think it was something in me. So, as a little kid, I started studying English from books and I continued to study throughout the primary school. When I went to high school, I finally met real English teachers and they helped me a lot. They provided a lot of useful guidance. And eventually, I was able to learn English much faster. And the thing I really liked about learning English was that while learning English, I could also learn about topics that were really interesting. For example, I could learn about computers. I could learn about programming languages. I could learn about the environment or other cultures. And at the same time, I could learn English, because by learning English, I was also learning about other interesting topics and I really liked that part. And it did not feel like a class or it did not feel like studying, because I was enjoying it. So, based on that, I can say that my favorite class has always been English.

 

16. Gün – Cevaplar

Cevap 1

I think one of the difficulties that I overcame in my life was the university entrance exam. It was both easy and difficult for me, because I was good with English; but my other classes weren’t that good when I was in high school, like at the last year of high school. So, my English grades were great was; but my Turkish, Social, Math and Science grades in practice test were not great. I had a lot of work to do. And at first, I thought I wouldn’t be able to do it, because it seemed impossible. I had very low grades and I had a very limited time. And it seemed as I said almost impossible; but I was determined and I was as patient. And I studied day after day. I studied patiently. I kept going. And eventually, at the end of the year when I took the exam, I had a great result. I passed the entrance test and I even scored one of the highest grades in the foreign language part. And I went to one of the best schools in the country. So, it was a difficult experience; but it was also a very rewarding experience.

Cevap 2

Well, I think I’ve had many challenges in life; but today I’d like to talk about my university entrance exam experience, because I had good grades when it came to English in high school. My English was good. My English scores, tests were great. Everything was good when it came to English; but I had poor grades in other areas, especially in practice tests. So, at the beginning of the year, the last year of high school, I thought I wouldn’t be able to get into a good program; because as I said, my Math, Science, Turkish and Social grades weren’t that great; but I was determined to go to Boğaziçi back then. And I thought that I do my part. I said to myself “Well Hüseyin, you should do your part. You should do your best. And then, we will see what happens.”  And in that year, I studied as much as I could. I studied everyday regularly. I had a very strict program. And at the end of the year, I had great scores, test scores in every field, both in English and in Turkish, in Science, Math and Social tests. So, I was able to go to my dream department and everything turned out to be great. But as I said, the process wasn’t easy. It was certainly difficult and challenging; but the end result was really rewarding and it was a very pleasant end.

 

17. Gün – Cevaplar

Cevap 1

So, I think my favorite food is grilled meat. I find it very tasty and delicious. And when I eat grilled meat, I think I feel full. I don’t need to eat any more. And as a result, I think that’s my favorite. I also like vegetables; but I like vegetables as a side dish, not as a main dish. Okay.

Cevap 2

Personally, eating or trying different kinds of food is something that I really enjoy. And I think my favorite food is grilled meat. It’s my favorite, because I find it very delicious and tasty. And I like the food that is generally grilled. I think it’s got a very special taste. And additionally, I think when I consume or when I eat grilled meat, it makes me feel full and satisfied. Sometimes, when I eat something, I don’t feel full and then, I have the desire to eat more. And it’s not good, because then I eat a lot more than I need. But with meat, I think I can easily feel full. Additionally, I like eating vegetables and vegetable dishes; but I think of vegetable dishes more like side dishes; but not main dishes. So, that’s my personal preference. But sometimes I get bored with meat. And in those cases, I really look for vegetable dishes. That’s it.

 

18. Gün – Cevaplar

Cevap 1

I’d like to talk about a website that helped me a lot in my research. I think it’s called “Cite this for me.” And it’s basically a website that helps students with citation and referencing. If you’ve done any scientific research, you might know that it’s very time-consuming to generate the references list and to make sure that your references comply with the requirements of the style you choose. For example, there is APA style, Harvard style, and MLA style and they’re all different. So, this website makes it very easy to generate reference lists and in-text citations. So, it’s been very helpful for me when I was writing my thesis.

Cevap 2

If you ever done any research or any scientific writing, you might know how difficult it is to come up with the reference list and to make sure that is formatted properly. And I used to spend a lot of time working on my reference list; but I found a website that really helped me with this process. The website is called “Cite this for me” and I used it extensively during my thesis. The website allows you to reference articles, books or other items, other resources. And it can automatically generate a reference list for you from the items you’ve selected. Additionally, it can easily convert between different citation styles. For example, you can convert an APA Citation list into a Harvard citation list. So, it’s very practical and it saves a lot of time. Personally, I think this site has saved me hours of work and I really like it for that. And I think it’s been a very popular site for me.

 

19. Gün – Cevaplar

Cevap 1

Personally, I think I’d like to go to Scotland, because I’ve been to the UK several times. I’ve been to London, I think three times. And I’ve been to Wales and I really liked Wales, because it was much more quiet and it was green. And it was a place where I could get some rest. I really liked the people, as well. The people were friendly. And I think my next destination should be Scotland. And the reason for this is that I think it’s very green. It’s got a very different culture compared to the rest of Britain. And it’s got its own language and culture. I’d like to go there, experience the language, the culture and the environment. So, those are basically my reasons for going to Scotland or for wanting to go to Scotland.

Cevap 2

I think my next destination will be Scotland, because I’ve been to the UK several times; but I’ve never been to Scotland. I generally spent time in London or around London. Though I like London a lot, I think I should see the other parts of the UK. So, London is great if you like museums and if you like parks and if you like history; because I think it’s very rich when it comes to museums and history. But I think I’d like to explore the nature. And I think Scotland is a great place to explore the nature, because it’s got a distinct culture and distinct language. And I think it’s got a distinct environment. So, it will be a great opportunity to meet new people, to taste new foods and to see new places. So, I think my next destination will be Scotland.

 

20. Gün – Cevaplar

Cevap 1

Well, I think my favorite recreational activity is travel, because when I travel I meet new people. I see new places. I taste different foods and I meet a new culture or I meet a new environment. And I think that really helps me relax and that really improves my perspective on life. I think it’s very rewarding to travel. And whenever I have time, I want to travel and I want to see new places.

Cevap 2

By far my favorite recreational activity is travel, because when I travel, I get to explore the world. I don’t like being limited to a single country or to a single city. When I travel, I can see different cities, different regions, different countries, different cultures, different people, different languages, you name it. So, when you travel, you explore the world. When you travel, you see different things. And when I travel, I try different desserts, I try different foods. I meet new people. And I hear their stories and I tell them my story. And it’s, I think, a very rewarding and, a very enlightening experience; because when you travel, you learn about the world. When you travel, you learn about things that do not exist in your country. And it really improves your perspective. It really broadens your horizon and I think it’s a great recreational activity. And whenever you have time, I think you should travel. At least, you should go to a different part of your city or you should go to a different city in your country or, if possible, go to different countries to see a different environment.

 

21. Gün – Cevaplar

Cevap 1

I think my favorite season of the year is spring. I like spring, because it’s neither too hot nor too cold. I think it’s a perfect balance between winter and summer. So, I really like it. I can go out in spring. And when I go out, I don’t feel cold or when I go on out, I don’t feel too hot. It’s balanced and spring is a time when flowers start to flourish. And it’s a beautiful scene. And for me, spring means a new beginning and I like that part of it.

Cevap 2

Well, personally I really like spring. I think that’s my favorite season of the year. So, when I compare it to other seasons, I think it’s got several advantages, because when it is winter it’s very cold. The snow is fine, it’s beautiful; but you are stuck. You have to stay inside. You cannot really go out. When it is summer, I think it’s very hot and when you go out and try to do something, it’s very sweaty and disturbing. And I think in the fall or autumn, there is a lot of rain. So, sometimes it’s nice; but when it rains a lot, it might be disturbing. But in spring, the weather is just fine. It’s neither too hot nor too cold. So, there’s a perfect balance between the hot weather of summer and the cold weather of winter. And spring, to me connotates beginning, like it’s the beginning of a new year. It’s the beginning of a new time. So, when it is spring, flowers start to flourish. Trees start to grow green leaves. And I think it’s a beautiful scene. And for me, spring is the best time of the year. Well, but honestly there are some problems associated with spring. For example, when it is spring, there are a lot of pollens in the air. And they cause me to sneeze a lot. And they sometimes cause me to have dry eyes. That’s a problem; but other than that, I think spring is a great time.

 

22. Gün – Cevaplar

Cevap 1

Well, there are many customs in the Turkish culture that I really like; but one thing I really like is the fact that when we have guests at our home, we offer them tea and meal. So, when someone comes to visit us, we give them tea, traditional Turkish tea or coffee. And we give them food, because I think it’s part of our culture. We always want our guests to eat at our home and drink tea or coffee at our home. I think that makes relationships stronger, because when you’re around the same table eating something or when you are drinking your tea together, I think you engage in better conversations. You become closer, you talk more and it really warms things up a little bit. So, that is a custom or tradition that I really like.

Cevap 2

Well, each culture has unique traits and customs. And one thing I really like about the Turkish culture is that in the Turkish culture, whenever we have guests we give them, we offer them food and Turkish tea or coffee. So, when someone comes to visit us, we insist that they eat something at our home. We offer them food, we offer them desserts and we offer them Turkish tea or coffee. It is something I really like, because I think when you give someone food or drinks that forms a relationship, a bond between you and your visitor. And that means you care about those people, because when you prepare something for them, you need to spend time and effort. And I think that shows your guests that you care about those people. And when there is tea and coffee, I think conversations get better, because when I have tea or coffee, I think I talk more. And I think I enjoy conversations more. So, that’s a custom or tradition in the Turkish culture that I really like

 

23. Gün – Cevaplar

Cevap 1

I think the most important quality in a friend is being trustworthy, because when I have a friend and if I want to feel close to that friend, I want that friend to be trustworthy, because I share my feelings with my friends. I share my secrets and my ideas with my friends. And I need to be sure that my friend can keep secrets. I need to be sure that I can trust my friend when I’m not around. Or I need to know that if I’m in trouble, my friend will help me. So, I think being trustworthy is the most important quality that I look for in a friend.

Cevap 2

Friends are an important part of our lives. We all have friends; but not all friends are good friends. I think a good friend needs to be trustworthy, because we share our secrets, our intimate feelings, our ideas, our thoughts and everything. So, a friend is a part of our lives. And a close friend should be trustworthy, because as I said, we share our inner secrets or feelings with those friends. And we should know that they can keep our secrets. And we should know that they will not share those secrets or feelings with anyone else. So, a good friend should definitely be trustworthy. What is more, I think a good friend should be helpful because, you know, there are times we will all be in trouble or we will face difficulty. And in those times, I think a trustworthy friend should come and help us. So, I think this is something that I really value and expect in a friendship.

 

24. Gün – Cevaplar

Cevap 1

Well, I’d like to talk about the coup attempt that took place in 2016. I think that was a horrible incident. Hundreds of people were killed or injured. And a part of the Turkish army, I’m not sure if you can call them part of the Turkish army, because I think they worked for other governments or for other interest groups. So, some officers or some high-ranking officers from the Turkish Armed Forces used their power to take over the country, to sort of overthrow the government; but that did not happen because people took to the streets. And people resisted the military movement. And as a result, I think in about 2 days, the government took control again and the peace was restored. But I think it was a very turbulent and disturbing time in our past.

Cevap 2

I think our country has experienced a lot of striking events in the recent past. We have gone through a lot of economic problems, a lot of turbulent times; but hopefully things are getting better. I think the most striking event from the recent past was the military takeover attempt in 2016. A part of the Turkish Armed Forces, I think those affiliated with the terrorist Gülen organization, they tried to overthrow the government.  And they tried to kill innocent people basically; but fortunately, the Turkish citizens, people took to the streets. They resisted this military takeover attempt and they did everything they can and could to protect the country. And unfortunately, many people, hundreds of people were killed. Many were injured severely; but in about two days the government and the people took control of the country again. And the military takeover attempt was stopped. So, it was a very turbulent time. And it was I think very traumatic for the whole country, because a lot of things happened since then.

 

25. Gün – Cevaplar

Cevap 1

Personally, I think traveling by sea or by ship is the most enjoyable one, because when I travel by sea or by  ship, I think I can enjoy a beautiful view. When I look up, I can see the sky. And when I look around, I can see the beautiful sea. And I can sort of take in fresh air. And I think it’s more spacious, and it’s more comfortable and enjoyable.

Cevap 2

There are many modes and means of transportation for long distance travel. Some people prefer flying. Some people prefer taking a high-speed train; but personally I think the most enjoyable form of long-distance transportation is traveling by sea or by  ship. So, when I travel by sea, I think I can really enjoy the beautiful views, because when I look up, I can see the beautiful blue sky. And when I look around, I can see the beautiful sea and I can see the birds flying above us. And additionally, when I travel by ship, I can easily walk around, because ships are generally very big. So, you can go to the upper deck. You can look around. You can go to the restaurant or cafeteria. You can drink your tea coffee. You can talk with friends. It’s a lot more spacious than a train or a plane. It’s not that crowded and I think traveling by ship is the most enjoyable type of long-distance transportation.

 

26. Gün – Cevaplar

Cevap 1

I think I prefer to work indoors, because the type of work that I do requires a lot of concentration and focus. And when I’m outside, I have a lot of distraction and I cannot focus easily. So, I’d like to work indoors. And when I work, I need a computer, I need other devices such as microphones or different technological equipment.  And it’s difficult to bring them around when I work outdoor. So, I prefer to work indoors.

Cevap 2

Honestly, I think it is really about your personal preferences. For some people, it’s much better to work outdoors, then lead an active life and maybe even exercise from time to time; but personally based on my work schedule and based on my work habits, I think it’s more appropriate for me to work indoors and get some break outdoors from time to time; because when I work I need my computer, I need my gadgets. I need my printer. I need my microphones. So, there are a lot of things I need when I work. And if I want to work outdoors, I have to carry all of them with me and it’s difficult to carry them around and set things up every time. So, I think it’s easier for me to work indoors. And secondly, the type of work that I do requires a lot of mental effort and concentration. So, if I’m working in my office, I can really focus on my job and I can get things done much faster; but if I go out and try to get some work done, there are a lot of distractions. For example, if I go to a coffee shop to sort of work for a while, I think there’s a lot of noise  there are  a lot of people moving around. And those are distractions. I think it’s not an optimal working solution for me. So, I personally prefer to work indoors. And when I get bored or when I need some fresh air, I can easily go outside and get a small walk. That’s just me. So, that’s my opinion

 

27. Gün – Cevaplar

Cevap 1

I think I work better when I have a strict deadline, because there is a principle that states that the amount of work expands to fill the amount of work time available. So, it goes like this. The amount of work expands to fill the amount of time available. So, the more time you have, the more time you will spend. So, if there is a deadline, I think you will work in a more strict and disciplined way. And that deadline will help you finish your project. So, that’s my personal opinion.

Cevap 2

Well, I think I work better when I have a strict deadline, because most people generally work better with a deadline; because when you have no deadline, you keep postponing things. You keep postponing the responsibilities. And you think you will do it later, and then later, and then later. You keep delaying things; but when there is a deadline, you have to make plans. When there is a deadline, you have to be more disciplined. When there is a deadline, you have to track and monitor your progress. So, I think a deadline is a really useful and helpful tool. And the more time you have, the more time you spend. That’s a fact. And I think due to these reasons, working with a deadline is much more efficient. Personally, that’s my opinion and I’ve seen this with many other people. When there is a deadline, people work much better.

 

28. Gün – Cevaplar

Cevap 1

There are many pros and cons of a low-cost air travel. First of all I’d like to talk about the pros of low-cost air travel. I think the main benefit of low-cost air travel is that the ticket prices are cheap. So, everyone can travel; students, people with low income. And additionally, it’s good to pay a low price for a ticket. So, that’s the benefit; but there are of course disadvantages, because when you travel on a low-cost airline, the service is generally not good or not great. So, you have to pay for everything as an additional service. For example, if you need to get some water, you have to pay for it, or if you need to order something to eat, you have to pay for it. And also, as I said, the service isn’t great. Maybe the planes are not new or it might be very crowded. So, these are the cons or the disadvantages of low-cost air travel.

Cevap 2

There are many pros and cons of low-cost air travel. I will first start talking about the pros of low-cost air travel. I think the main benefit of low-cost air travel is that it enables everyone to travel more frequently. So, if the ticket prices are very high, people may find it difficult to afford ticket prices. And if the ticket prices are low, then it makes it possible for many people to travel and to go see their loved ones. So, that is definitely an advantage; but there are also disadvantages associated with low cost air travel. The main disadvantage is that the service quality isn’t high. So, generally the service quality is low and everything is sold as an extra service. So, you have to pay for water. You have to pay for food. You have to pay for extra luggage. So, if you’re traveling with a low cost airline, you might have to pay a lot for extras. And generally low-cost airlines are very crowded. And there isn’t a lot of legroom between seats. So, it might be very, it might be very uncomfortable for most people. So, that’s the main disadvantage. But it is always good to have a choice. Sometimes, you might be on a low budget and in those cases it might be good to travel with a low-cost airline; but if you don’t have any financial constraints or you want extra comfort, then you can travel with a more expensive or premium airline.

 

29. Gün – Cevaplar

Cevap 1

I think the higher education in our country is expensive. For example, I think the prices for private colleges, private universities are beyond the income of many families. So, it might be financially very difficult for a lot of families to send their kids to private colleges; but there are also a lot of good state schools or private or public universities. And these public universities can provide a good alternative.

Cevap 2

I think higher education in Turkey is getting more expensive. In the past, there were not a lot of private colleges or universities; but right now the number of private colleges is increasing rapidly. And their prices are also increasing rapidly. And they are very expensive for many families in our country; but luckily, there are a lot of public universities or state-funded universities and these universities provide a good alternative to private universities. And as a result, students in Turkey have a chance to choose between these two types of institutions.

 

30. Gün – Cevaplar

Cevap 1

I think students should spend some of their summer vacation just traveling around, meeting new people and relaxing; but they should also spend some of their summer vacation reading books, studying for their upcoming classes. And I think they should also do an internship if that’s possible, because it can help them learn about the real life.

Cevap 2

I think summer vacation is an essential part of students’ time at school. And a summer vacation can be a great opportunity for students if students can use it properly. So, students definitely need some time to relax and refresh themselves; but spending three months doing nothing is useless. So, if a student spends the whole summer vacation traveling around and doing nothing related to his or her studies, then it might be a waste of time. I think students should definitely take some time to relax; but after that, they should read books. They should learn about their field. And they should also develop a hobby and work on it. And if possible, I think students should do an internship. I think students should do an internship because an internship can really help them learn about life, business skills, personal skills and the importance of hard work. So, this is how I think students should spend their summer vacation.

 

31. Gün – Cevaplar

Cevap 1

I think International sporting events have many benefits, because they can really help improve the relationships between countries. And they can help people learn about different cultures and learn about different people. And if there are tensions between countries, these tensions might be resolved. If there are international sporting events, because, as a result of these events, people meet other people from different cultures. And as a result, they may develop friendships and solve their problems side by side.

Cevap 2

I think International sporting events can play a crucial role in resolving tensions and problems between nations, because many countries have problems or issues with other countries. And when International sporting events are organized, people from different countries come together. They gather around the same table, they gather in the same stadiums. And as a result, they meet each other. They talk to each other. They learn about each other. And they develop friendships. And as a result of this process, they might be able to overcome their differences, their problems. So that’s one of the benefits. And also, I think International sporting events can really help a country promote its culture. For example, if there is an international sporting event in Turkey, in Istanbul that can really help Turkey promote itself, advertise its culture and make it more global. And finally, I think International sporting events can help host countries earn a lot of money. For example, if  Olympics are held in a country, then maybe hundreds of thousands of tourists go to that country, visit that country. And as a result, they spend a lot of time, money and resources there. And as a result of this process, the host country -the country that organizes the events- will earn a lot of money; will get a lot of financial benefits. So, I think these are the benefits of international sporting events.

 

32. Gün – Cevaplar

Cevap 1

I think some of the leadership skills can be taught. I’m not sure if you can make a person a great leader by teaching that person some skills, because there is an innate part to leadership. So, you can teach a person certain skills; but I’m not sure if you can teach everything about leadership; or if you can make a person a great leader by teaching that person. So, that’s my personal opinion on this matter.

Cevap 2

Leadership skills are important to develop great leaders; but some people believe that leadership cannot be taught; because it’s an innate ability. It comes from within. So, I don’t completely agree with this idea, because I think some of the leadership skills can be taught to other people. So, people can learn some of the leadership skills; but we might not be able to teach all the leadership skills to person, because as I said, there might be a genetic or there might be an innate part to leadership. And in that case, you can, as I said, teach some of the skills; but you cannot teach all the skills. And besides, I think it’s not really about education. So, education can give you some theoretical information; but to be a great leader, I think you need hands-on experience. And I think you need to interact with people. I think you need to be out in the field interacting with people. So, leadership is a skill that can be developed in social life and in social circumstances. It’s not something that you can teach in a classroom. So, that’s my take on this issue.

 

33. Gün – Cevaplar

Cevap 1

Personally, I agree with this opinion, because people generally learn best from their mistakes, because sometimes we think that a choice that we make is right or a thought that we have is right; but when in real life we experience problems. And we make a mistake as a result of that belief or that thought. Then, we realized that it’s wrong and we learn from our mistakes. So, I think mistakes can really help us be better people.

Cevap 2

I think many people learn best from their mistakes, because their parents, their friends can give them advice; but most people do not listen to the advice of their friends or families and they do what they want; or they do what they think is true or right. And as a result, they might experience a lot of problems; but when they experience these problems, they learn from their mistakes generally. But some people don’t learn from their mistakes. There are people like that; but I think most people learn from their mistakes. So, for example, if you tell a child that he should not touch a hot oven, he might touch the oven, not listening to you. But then, when he gets burned, he can learn from his mistake. He learns that it can hurt him, the oven can hurt him. And as a result, the next time he will stay away from the oven. So, in this case, mistakes can be great teachers; but I think the best way would be to learn from the mistakes of others. So, if you repeat the same mistake that other people did, then I think it’s not great form learning. So, if you can learn from the mistakes of other people, then I think it’s a lot more helpful because, then you will not suffer from the same problems.

 

34. Gün – Cevaplar

Cevap 1

I think we can gain life experience from books and movies, because personally when I read a book, I live the story. I learn the characters. I learn their behaviors and I learn about their experiences. And when I read that book, I think I learn a lot about life. And I got a lot of life experiences. Similarly, when I watch a movie and if that movie relates to me, I think I can get and learn a new life experiences from that movie.

Cevap 2

I think there’s a lot to learn from books and movies. The books and movies we read and watch might not be really about our lives; but they can definitely teach us a lot about life, because each book is a different story. Each book tells about different characters, different situations, different contexts, different relationships. So, the books can really teach us about a multitude of issues. And we can learn from the characters. We can learn from their psychology. We can learn from their examples. And generally, books are about real life. For example, when an author writes a book, generally that book is about some of the author’s experiences. So, I think books can really give us great examples and great experiences. And similarly, when I watch a movie, I think I can learn a lot of lessons from that movie, because movies are also bought human life. The movies that people watch are somehow related to their lives and their experiences. For example, when you watch a movie about life in the US, you learn about life in the US; and what to avoid and what to go for. So, it can really teach you a lot. Similarly, when you watch a movie, for example, about love or when you watch a movie about friendship, I think that can give you a lot of good lessons; but there are of course exceptions. Some movies are not real. Some movies have, I think, fake stories. And in those cases, those stories and those examples might not teach you a lot. But overall, I think books and movies can help you learn a lot about life and you can gain experiences from them.

 

35. Gün – Cevaplar

Cevap 1

I think it really depends on the situation. For example, sometimes experience is more important. For example, if you need to do something very quickly, I think you need an experienced person; but if you have a lot of time to do that task, then I think potential is important; because if you have potential, you can learn that task and you can do it on your own; or you can do it with a potential candidate. So as I said, it depends on the situation; but some jobs require experience and some jobs require potential. And it’s also, I think, a choice that is related to the company culture, because some companies want to grow their employees. Some companies prefer to a hire experienced people. So, it really depends on the situation.

Cevap 2

I think the issue of whether experience or a potential matters more is rather personal or rather context specific, because there are cases where experience matters more and there are cases where potential matters more. For example, if you really need to complete a given task in a limited time frame, then I think you need an experienced person, because the experienced person can make sure that the task is completed within the given time and up to the standards. But if you have a lot of free time and in those cases, you can find a person who has a lot of potential. And that person can learn the ins-and-outs of the process and then, complete that task. So, it is about limitations and it is about priorities. As I said before, this is very context-specific. For example, some companies prefer experienced people, experienced employees because they think it will make the business much faster and  leaner; but some companies prefer to hire candidates with potential, because they think they can really teach and train those potential candidates and make them great employees; or great leaders. So, as I said, there is not certain, a definitive answer to this question. And based on how you approach this problem, you can come up with different answers.

 

36. Gün – Cevaplar

Cevap 1

I think people who retire face a number of problems. The first problem is that they don’t know what to do with their time. And they might lose their purpose. For example, if someone works at a job for 20 or 30 years, when they retire, the next day they don’t know what to do. So, for a couple of weeks, they might relax, rest, travel; but then, they might get bored if they don’t have a hobby. So, that’s one thing. And the second one is that I think their job provides the social environment for most people. So, when they retire, they might lose some of that social contact. So these are, I think, the main problems that people face when they retire.

Cevap 2

I think there are number of likely problems that people might face when they retire. So the first problem is that when people retire, they might lose their sense of purpose. I think one’s job provides a sense of purpose in life. So, if you’re a teacher or if you’re a doctor, your job becomes a part of your life. So, you work at that job for years, for maybe decades and when you retire, when you stop doing that, I think you might feel a large or a huge hole in your life if you’re not prepared for it. So, if you have hobbies that you can pursue, that’s great; but if not, then you might I think experience some issues. And secondly, I think a person’s job provides a social environment for that person. So, you have colleagues at work. You have a work environment and you probably keep in contact with those people; but when you retire I think those work-related relationships might get weaker. And you might lose some of your social contacts. So, that’s another problem. I think these are the two major problems that might arise after retirement.

 

37. Gün – Cevaplar

Cevap 1

Personally, I think that it’s okay to share some photographs online; but I think people should not share everything online, because I see some people sharing some of their most private or intimate moments online. And it’s simply not suitable for me, because I’d like to make a distinction between my personal and public life.

Cevap 2

Well, I think social media use has exploded; and therefore, people use a lot of apps such as Instagram, Facebook, Twitter or a Snapchat to share photographs and to capture moments from their lives. And many people share photos without thinking about it. They don’t think whether it’s appropriate. They don’t think whether it’s the right thing. And sometimes people share photos of other people without really asking them and I think that’s not proper. I think it’s okay to share some photos, because you know it’s good to just inform your friends about what is going in your life. It might help with your friendship or relationship with other people; but I think you should make sure that you keep your private life to yourself, because you know sometimes, maybe later you may not want to share those photos; or you may regret sharing those photos; but you cannot take time back. You cannot reverse things. So, I think you should be careful when you’re sharing pictures, photos of yourself or your family or your beloved ones and so on.

 

38. Gün – Cevaplar

Cevap 1

There are number of websites that are very popular with my generation. I think the first one is Google, because many people or most people use Google to search for information online. And I think another popular website is Facebook, because a lot of people started using Facebook when they started college, I think in my generation. So, it’s popular with a lot of my colleagues, with a lot of my peers. And another website that is very popular I think is YouTube, because YouTube offers both entertainment and learning. So, people like it. So, these are the most popular three websites.

Cevap 2

I think there are three websites that have been central to our lives. The first one is Google, because it’s the biggest and the fastest search engine. And millions of users use it every day to search for information online, to access news, documents and everything. Pretty much it’s the first the primary search engine for many people or most people. The second website that is very popular is Facebook. And Facebook has billions of users and it’s been in use for more than a decade. And I think it’s a very comprehensive platform and offers many  features. And the last platform that is very helpful and very useful is YouTube. And YouTube is basically a video sharing platform and you can find both entertainment and learning material on YouTube. And it can be a great way to learn and have fun at the same time. So, I think these are the three most fundamental websites that my generation uses; but as time goes by maybe these websites will be replaced by others and We’ll probably see what happens in the next 10 to 15 years.

 

39. Gün – Cevaplar

Cevap 1

I think the internet has had many effects on people’s lives. And firstly, I think it made it easier for people to access information; but I think it also makes it easy for people to be misinformed, because when people surf on the Internet, they find a lot of information; but they don’t know whether that information is true or not. So, the internet can misinform people if they’re not careful. Secondly, I think the internet made some people very rude, because when people use the internet, sometimes they don’t use their real names on web sites or on social media sites. And sometimes, they write very rude comments. And maybe they swear and then they simply try to hide their identity. And I think that’s horrible. That’s basically horrible; but it happens. So, I think that’s one of the social negative effects of the internet.

Cevap 2

I think the internet has had profound impacts on social behavior. First of all, now that people can access information on the internet, everything is just a click away; but that’s both a good and a bad thing, because people think that they can learn everything from the Internet. It’s partly true. You can learn a lot about a certain subject; but there’s a lot of garbage on the internet. There’s a lot of misinformation. There are a lot of lies and if you’re not careful, you can learn those lies or you can use that misinformation. And in the end, you will not have a proper source of information or you will learn the wrong thing. So, that’s one of the problems. And secondly, I think the internet provides some privacy and it’s both good and bad. It’s good, because people can ask their questions without feeling embarrassed or shy and that’s very helpful, because it helps people to be more open about their problems. And it helps people to be more transparent; but at the same time, it makes some people vulnerable and it makes some people rude since there is a level of anonymity online, some people start swearing or writing rude comments and doing horrible things. I think that’s one of the negative impacts on the human behavior so the internet has both pros and cons for the social behavior of humans.

 

40. Gün – Cevaplar

Cevap 1

I think this is a very controversial topic if you are an employee. If you’re applying for a job, you don’t want a company to check your social media profiles, because your social media accounts include personal memories, personal conversations, pictures and so on. So, you may not want it to be seen; but from an employer’s perspective it might be useful to know more about the job applicants, because sometimes the job applicants might not give the right information. And in those cases, it might be helpful to check the job applicants’ social media profiles.

Cevap 2

Whether companies should check job applicants’ social media profiles is a highly controversial issue. There are some people who think that it’s necessary, because sometimes companies need a lot more information on a candidate. And sometimes the candidates might not give all the right information or they might provide incomplete information; or the company might want to learn more about that person. So, in those cases, companies want to learn more about that person. And they go through their social media profiles; but other people think that this is a violation of personal privacy, because a social media and those profiles are generally for personal matters. And people generally share their personal stories and photos and conversations on those social media platforms. So, they want it to be personal and they don’t want to share it with companies or their employer. So, there are both sides to this debate and I’m not really sure which one to support.

 

41. Gün – Cevaplar

Cevap 1

There will not be fewer illnesses or less illness in the future because for example, modern medicine is able to solve some of the problems, some of the health problems or diseases, but then new illnesses or new health problems emerge. So, we may be able to get rid of some diseases; but some new diseases emerge and therefore, I think the number of diseases will not decrease.

Cevap 2

Whether there will be fewer diseases in the future or not is not certain or not very clear, because personally I feel that we are able to solve or eliminate some of the health problems or diseases. But when we do so, I think new health problems, new diseases emerge. For example, I think maybe in the past there wasn’t cancer, there wasn’t AIDS. Some modern diseases emerged I think in the last 100 years or so. So, there are of course advances in medicine and technology and I’m sure or I hope one day we will be able to eliminate these deadly diseases; but then, there are a lot of chemicals in our lives. There are a lot of harmful ingredients in our food. There are a lot of genetically modified foods and so on. So, I think they have a detrimental impact on our health and probably there will be a lot of deadly or harmful diseases in the future, too. So, that’s my personal opinion.

Speaking Rehberi ile İngilizce konuşma becerinizi geliştirin
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Daha sonra ise her bir ünitede onlarda soru, örnek cevaplar ve bu cevapların Türkçe çevirileri ile İngilizce konuşma dağarcığınıza çok sayıda yeni kelime ve ifade eklemenize yardım ediyor.

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